What is Anxiety Disorder? | Signs | Risks | Treatment
What is Anxiety Disorder? | Signs | Risks | Treatment
Is Anxiety disorder affecting you? Anxiety is an ordinary part of human life and at some level happens to us all. Feelings of anxiety usually arise in high stress situations or when you feel under considerable pressure, for example: when attending a gathering, meeting someone on a first date or going to a job interview. When you are experiencing anxiety, your breathing and heart rate become elevated, and the body increases the blood flow to the brain. This intense physical reaction is nature’s way of setting you up to handle an extreme situation. In cases of severe anxiety, you may begin to feel disorientated, confused and nauseous. A chronic period or persistent attacks of anxiety can have a devastating affect your physical and psychological well-being, these more serious cases of anxiety are referred to as ‘Anxiety Disorder’.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), around 40 million adults in America have some kind of anxiety disorder each year. Anxiety disorder is a state in which you suffer with regular, intense episodes of anxiety that have a negative impact on your day to day life. This kind of anxiety disorder can impede on family relationships and people’s professional and social commitments.
There are a number of different types of anxiety disorder which include:
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is unreasonable anxiety for no apparent reason. As indicated by the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), GAD affects around 6.8 million American adults every year. GAD is analyzed when extraordinary stress over an assortment of things continues for half a year or more. In the event that you have a mild case, you would likely able to maintain a professional life and attend work regularly. More extreme cases can have profound effects on a sufferer’s life.
Social anxiety disorder is a reaction to anticipation or fear of social circumstances and of being judged or embarrassed by others. This extreme social fear can cause sufferers to feel embarrassed and to isolate themselves from other people. Around 15 million American adults live with social anxiety disorder, according to research by the ADAA. It is common for individuals to begin suffering with social anxiety disorder from as young as 13 years old. Thirty-six percent of patients suffer with the disorder for 10 years or more before seeking professional help.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs after you’ve seen or experienced something traumatic. Side effects can start quickly or be delayed for a considerable period of time. Common causes incorporate experience of combat or war, natural events such as disasters, or physical assault. Episodes of anxiety can be sudden and occur without warning.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Individuals with OCD are overwhelmed with the need to perform specific ceremonies (impulses) again and again. Common compulsions incorporate constant hand washing, tallying, or checking something repeatedly.
Phobias Common phobias or fears include dread of tight spaces (claustrophobia) and fear of heights (acrophobia). It causes sufferers to avoid situations or circumstances which may trigger these intense feelings of fear.
Panic Disorder causes severe panic, extreme sentiments of anxiety, dread, or looming fate. Physical indications can include heart palpitations, chest pain, nausea and shortness of breath. These assaults might be rehashed whenever. Individuals with an anxiety disorder may have panic attacks.
Anxiety Disorder Symptoms
Anxiety shows in a wide range of ways. Side effects might be unique to the kind of anxiety issue or to the person. All incorporate amplified stress over something for over a half year. General side effects include:
- Restlessness, weariness
- Lack of concentration
Amid moments of extraordinary anxiety or amid a panic attack, these side effects might be joined by:
- A feeling of peril or doom
- Trembling, confusion, weakness
- Shortness of breath
- Hot or cold flushes
- Numbness or shaking in the hands
- Increased pulse rate
- Chest pains
- Increased rate of breathing, hyperventilating
Panic attacks can happen when least expected and without apparent reason. Frequent panic attacks may raise your level of stress and lead to individuals isolating themselves from other people.
Individuals who have PTSD experience flashbacks, remembering a traumatic affair again and again. They may suffer with short temper, startle easily, or become withdrawn. Other side effects can include: bad dreams, sleep deprivation, and low moods.
OCD causes clear behavioral symptoms, for example, performing impulsive, tedious acts. Many individuals with OCD create rituals they often use as coping strategies. Individuals with social anxiety disorder or different phobias, as a rule, try to remove themselves from situations that might trigger their anxiety.
Complications of Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety and The Immune System:
Anxiety can trigger the “fight or flight” reaction. When this occurs a surge of chemicals and hormones like adrenaline are released into your system. This temporarily increases your heart rate and breathing rate causing more oxygen to flow to your brain. This effectively primes your body to react to an extreme situation.
If you are regularly or continuously stressed, and these symptoms keep recurring for an extended period of time, your body never gets the signal to come back to normal working levels. That can harm your immune system, leaving you more at risk of contracting viral diseases. Ongoing anxiety disorder can cause sufferers to feel generally unwell and more susceptible to illness.
How Anxiety Affects Your Digestive System?
There might be an association between anxiety disorder and the occurring of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) after a bowel disease. IBS can cause diarrhea, constipation or vomiting.
Anxiety Vs Depression and Other Diseases
Anxiety disorder may cause loss of appetite and a drop in libido (sexual appetite) . Other side effects associated with prolonged anxiety include: muscle strain, cerebral pains, and a sleeping disorder. Frequent panic attacks can make you fear the anxiety/panic attacks themselves, in turn worsening general anxiety. Persistent stress can prompt “clinical depression”. Sufferers are also at increased risk of diabetes, hypertension, and coronary illness. If you have a coronary illness, anxiety may significantly raise the risks associated with coronary events.
Hazard Factors for Developing an Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety disorder can occur at any stage of life; Ordinarily problems with anxiety start by the time people reach middle age. Women are 60 percent more prone to have an anxiety disorder than men, according to the NIMH.
Difficult or traumatic life experiences may increase your risk of sufferring from anxiety. Symptoms can present themselves immediately or years after an event or traumatic experience. Having a genuine medicinal condition or a substance misuse issue can also increase the likelihood of anxiety issues arising.
Social Signs of Anxiety Disorder: What to Look For?
It might be hard to pinpoint anxiety disorders if there are coinciding emotional wellness issues, physical ailments, or substance abuse issues. Signs that somebody may have a genuine anxiety disorder include:
- a dread of going out, social withdrawal
- intense unjustifiable dread of specific circumstances or things
- compulsive or tedious practices
- changes in identity
- inability to function properly at work or in school
- family or relationship issues
- alcohol or medication misuse
- depression or self-destructive behaviors
- frequent emotional and physical health problems
If you have indications of an issue with anxiety, arrange to see your Doctor, a specialist, or a meet with a psychological well-being professional.
Finding and Treatment
In order for a proper diagnosis to be made, you will need to be assessed by a specialist who will ask you about your symptoms and how they are affecting you. Anxiety issues can be treated with prescription medication, subjective treatment, or behavioral treatment. Regularly, a combination of these treatments turns out to be the best strategy. Treatment for anxiety disorder ought to be seen as a long term commitment. Treatment for anxiety is very effective, often enabling patients to lead full, rewarding lives without living in fear of anxiety.
It is normal to feel down and restless in life. Life is unpredictable-anything can happen at any time. We face many problems and it is easy to become depressed or anxious . When normal anxiety becomes more regular or debilitating and progresses on to become anxiety disorder, then professional help is usually required to help overcome it. Meet with your doctor for advice and begin your treatment immediately.